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Prostate Cancer

The most common type of cancer in men is Prostate Cancer. Prostate cancer is unsurprisingly, cancer that begins in the prostate (a gland in the male reproductive system). Prostate Cancer occurs when cells of the prostate mutate and begin to multiply out of control and may spread or metastasis from the prostate to other parts of the body, especially the bones and lymph nodes.


The most often discovered of prostate cancer is by physical examination or by screening blood tests, such as the PSA (prostate specific antigen) test. If there is suspect of prostate cancer, the next procedur is removing a piece of the prostate (biopsy) and examining it under a microscope. Others examination such as X-rays and bone scans, may be performed to determine whether prostate cancer has spread.

  • Sign and Symptom of Prostate Cancer :

  • Prostate cancer has symptom such as benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), so the patients may increase frequent need to urinate (especially at night), difficulty starting to pee, painful urination, there is blood in the urine. The Prostate cancer may also make problems for the sexual function, such as difficulty achieving erection or painful ejaculation.

    Some additional symptoms from prostate cancer if already spread to the other part of body are bone pain, it's often in the vertebrae, pelvis or ribs, from cancer which has spread to these bones. Prostate cancer which spread to the spine can also compress the spinal cord, these can causing leg weakness and urinary and fecal incontinence.


  • Prostate Cancer Treatment :

  • 1. Active Monitoring (sometimes called watchful waiting).
    To the patient with suspect prostate cancer but still in early stage, the Doctor will take an action Watchful waiting to observation and regular monitoring without invasive treatment.
    2. External Beam Radiotherapy.
    Prostate cancer treatment by radiation is used to kill cancer cells.
    3. Surgery.
    A surgical procedure to remove the prostate called prostatectomy, this is a common treatment either for early stage prostate cancer, or for cancer which has failed to respond to radiation therapy.
    4. Cryosurgery.
    This is another method for treating prostate cancer, less invasive than radical prostatectomy. This procedure by inserting a metal rods through the skin of the perineum into the prostate.
    5. Hormonal Therapy.
    Hormone therapy will be the key treatment if you have been diagnosed with an advanced or metastatic prostate cancer. If you have had previous treatment by surgery or radiotherapy and the cancer has recurred your doctors may recommend hormone therapy.
    6. Other treatment for patient with prostate cancer is High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU), this is very rare but may become more so in future.

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    posted by Cancer Disease @ 2.8.07, ,